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Man Power Demand
Another target of the government is directed toward local capacity building. It is expected that the country would become a center of excellence for geothermal industries, and local universities would provide geothermal education programs and research facilities, to meet manpower needs for supporting geothermal exploration and development in Indonesia.
Freeston & Bolton (1993), geothermal experts from New Zealand estimated that 30–50 men power per year, consists of geothermal engineers and earth scientists, are needed for supporting geothermal development of 1000 MW in Indonesia. While Indonesian Geothermal Association (API, stands for Asosiasi Panas Bumi Indonesia) estimated a higher number, that is 70 men power per year. Sjafra Dwipa from Department of Energy and Mineral Resources (ref. Letter No. 179/PB/2005) support the establishment of Master Degree Program in Geothermal Technology at ITB and estimated that 50–60 manpower per year for supporting geothermal development in Indonesia.
With an assumption that 30–50 manpower per year are required for supporting geothermal development of 1000 MW in Indonesia, hence for supporting the development of 4733 MW in Indonesia until the year 2014, Indonesia will need at least 120 manpower per year, consists of geothermal engineers and earth scientists. This number has not included the number of manpower needs for conducting exploration at 163 geothermal areas which at present are still at preliminary survey stage and for conducting further exploration at 78 areas which at present are still at the exploration stage.
- Government Institution, including the Department of Energy and Mineral Resources, Energy and Mining Office of Local Governments.
PT. Pertamina Geothermal Energy, for the expansion the existing geothermal power plant, i.e. Kamojang (West Java), Lahendong (North Sulawesi) and Sibayak (North Sumatra) fields, and second for exploration, exploitation and development of Lumut Balai (South Sumatera), Ulubelu (Lampung), Kotamubagu (North Sulawesi), I-Argopuro (Jawa Timur), Sungai Penuh (Jambi) and Hulu Lais (Bengkulu) fields.
- PT PLN (Persero) and PT Indonesia Power
- Chevron Geothermal Indonesia, for expansion of Darajat (West Java) and Awibengkok Gunung Salak (West Java) fields.
- Magma Nusantara Limited/Star Energy, for exploitation and expansion of Wayang Windu (West Java) fields.
- PT. Geo Dipa Energi for exploitation and expansion of Dieng (Central Java) and Patuha (West Java) fields.
- PT Medco Energy International for exploitation and development of Sarula (North Sumatra) fields.
- PT Bali Energi for exploitation and development Bedugul (Bali) fields.
- Tangkuban Perahu Indonesia Power for exploration and exploitation of Tangkuban Perahu geothermal area.
- The consortium of PT Wijaya Karya, PT Jasa Sarana, and PT Resources Jaya Teknik Management Indonesia for exploration and exploitation of Gunung Tampomas of the geothermal area.
- PT Jabar Halimun Geothermal for exploration and exploitation of Cisolok Cisukarame geothermal area.
- PT Star Energy Investment for exploration and exploitation of Jailolo geothermal area.
- The consortium of PT Bakrie Power Resource, PT Energy Management Indonesia for exploration and exploitation of Sokoria geothermal area.
- PT Thermochem
- PT Sumbawa Timur Mining, East Nusa Tenggara
- Many other companies, in particular for supporting exploration and exploitation in Wilis/Ngebel, Baturaden, Guci, Rawa Dano, Iyang Argopuro, Arjuno Welirang and Guci, Sungai Penuh, Hulu Lais, Rajabasa, Seulawah Agam, Gunung Talang, Muaralaboh, Bukit Kili, Rantau Dadap, Suoh Sekincau, Danau Ranau, Wai Ratai, Sipaholon, Sorik Merapi and Pusuk Bukit, Jaboi, and Sembalun geothermal areas.